ABS Plastic Machining
Your guide to ABS Plastic Machining
Opaque thermoplastic made from a two phase polymer blend
Impact resistance and toughness
Not typically stocked as standard in the UK
ABS has good machinability, but can be hard to source in the UK. There are several other engineering plastics that have similar attributes and yet offer significantly better value for money. Please call our engineering team to chat through your project.
This guide will take you through the main attributes, common applications, notes for designers and suitable finishing and treatments and property tables. Don't forget to bookmark the page so you can refer back later.
If you are interested in ABS machined parts, or a more readily available equivalent, please scroll to the bottom of the page for more information about our service and to request a quote.
ABS Guide: Properties, Applications and Design Considerations
What is ABS?
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) is an opaque thermoplastic made from a two phase polymer blend. ABS plastic is well known for its impact resistance and toughness.
Plastic ABS is both harder and more scratch resistant than PET and POM (Acetal), but has a lower thermal stability. The characteristics of basic ABS offer a wide scope for modification by varying the proportion of the components used in the polymer blend.
You may also see ABS referred to as:
- Trade names: TecaranTM, Royalite®, Terluran®, Absylux, Absoloy, Abson, Abstrene, ABStron, 4Lac, 4Loy, Abifor, Abistir, Absolac
- CAS Registry Number: 9003-56-9
- ABS Resin
- ABS Copolymer
Whilst ABS typically has good machinability, its difficulty to source does not make it our first choice. There are other engineering plastics that present very similar properties at a lower cost.
Industry Examples: Automotive | Mechanical engineering | Electrical and Electronics | Food technology
Typical Components & Applications: Appliance housings | Casings | Boxes | Furniture components | Housings | Covers | Structural components | Interior panelling | Electroplated parts | Pipes and fittings | Handles | Computer housings | Radiator grills | Domestic appliances
- Good machinability
- Easy bonding and weldability
- Gamma and x-ray resistant
- Good toughness and impact strength even at low temperatures
- High stiffness
- Good dimensional stability
- Can be used in temperatures ranging from -50°C to +70°C
- Electrically insulating
- Resists scratching
- Low density
- Good chemical resistance
- Good damping
- Low moisture absorption
- Not weather resistant
- Limited resistance to acid and caustic solutions
Note For Designers:
ABS is not easy to source in the UK and more often than not, needs to be bought in from America. As such, it can be expensive with a long lead time.
There are several other engineering plastics that have similar attributes and yet offer significantly better value for money. Please call our engineering team to chat through your project.
ABS Plastic Machined Parts
Penta Precision provides the following plastic ABS machining services:
- CNC turning
- Prototypes and batch runs
- Insert installation
- Part marking
- Manual milling
- Manual turning
- Machining design advice
- Design for manufacture service
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